The main theme at 3rd İstanbul Security Conference
3rd İstanbul Security Conference whose main theme is "New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost” started in İstanbul. 3rd İstanbul Security Conference is organized by Turkish Asian Centre for Strategic Studies (TASAM), National Defence and Security Institute and Nişantaşı University jointly under the title “New Security Ecosystem and Multilateral Cost”.
Dr. Vecdi Gönül, the former Minister of National Defence, made a speech at the conference and emphasized that all countries should embrace UN more and support the transformation for more wealth and peace and in order to be able to cope with the problems in the globalized world.
PARTICIPANTS FROM 30 COUNTRIES
Participants from approximately 30 countries varying from America to China and from Russia to Iran are going to attend the conference at which fundamental parameters, trends and future vision of security have been discussed for three years and will keep its fingers of the pulse of security both in Turkey and all around the world.
Significant topics such as “International Migration and Protection of Borders”, “Global Security”, “Normalization in the Middle East”, “NATO and the USA: Future of the Alliance”, “Asia Pacific: New Norms in Security”, “Regional Conflicts”, “Soft Power and its Components” and “Demographics of Security in Africa” are going to be discussed at the conference. All session in scope of the conference are going to be published into a book by TASAM Publications.
Special session “Turkey-Gulf Defence and Security Forum” was realized today in scope of the conference. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Uysal, the Head of the Centre for Iranian Studies, İstanbul University, made a speech in the session. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Uysal reminded that there is a common hostility toward İran in the gulf region, and it is an unexpected progress that all the attention was suddenly drawn to Qatar, and said, "This is really surprising. The request to close the hub of Turkey has also been a surprise. I believe America has a provocative role in the crisis in the region rather than a passive role. However, it may not be the whole America, maybe a lobby in America. To give a name for this lobby, it may be Neocon Israel Lobby. This lobby is especially related to Egyptian Coup, 15 July Coup Attempt in Turkey and Qatar Embargo, and even at last Kurdistan Region Independence Referendum is its extension. For, it creates new chaos in the region. Arab Spring was going to both empower and liberalize the region. Therefore, we can say that no matter if it is Turkey or Qatar supporting that, they are targeted.”
VECDİ GÖNÜL "ALL COUNTRIES NEED TO EMBRACE AND SUPPORT UN MORE"
The former Minister of National Defence, Dr. Vecdi Gönül, gave a speech in the afternoon session of the conference. The former Minister of National Defence Vecdi Gönül stated that all countries need to embrace UN more and support its transformation to cope with the problems of the globalized world, and for more wealth and peace. He also added, "It must also be kept in mind that UN does not have executive and military forces in order to realize these goals”.
Vecdi Gönül mentioned that crises and disputes in the world seem to be more complicated and tangling under the current circumstances, and world policy has been experiencing a rapid change, current global and regional orders are being questioned and a historical period shaped with political and financial crises is being experienced. Mr. Gönül also discussed that disputes have gone beyond the borders of the countries and expanded their area of effect, and continued, "The need for energy has been increased as of industrialization and energy has started to be used as a strategic weapon by the powers reserving the resources. Radicalism and terrorism have increased to a threatening level for the whole world in general as a result of globalization. Terrorism and violence have a tendency to spread like an epidemic. Injustice in distribution of income and poverty have not been limited to insecure areas, but also resulted in mass migration, which also threatens other regions."
Vecdi Gönül also said, "UN, designed in order to prevent international conflicts, the greatest source of danger for the peace in the mentioned medium, is not an organization with the potential of eliminating international anarchy. For, this organization is not supranationalist, but an international one and its activities depend on the cooperation of members of Security Council, especially regular members. As is known, 5 regular members must not use the right to veto and total 9 affirmative votes need to be given in order that a decision can be made within the Security Council with 15 members. Unfortunately, it is not possible for each serious problem. Thus, diplomatic gridlock experienced during decision-making process in UN Security Council gave its place to a system based on interests, cooperation and reconciliation among the countries with right to veto during cold war. Although UN is being questioned in terms of its functionality about building and maintenance of global peace seventy years after its establishment because of all these negativities, it is still an incontrovertible actor in international relations with its budget equivalent to four per thousand of world’s costs on defence, its studies performed through its agents, and its role in the dialogue-building in interstate relations.”
Mr. Gönül also stated that UN needs to be considered as the centre of a body covering all nations in the world, and Turkey attributes great importance to UN, of which it is the founding member and has adopted a more proactive approach in the organization in recent years. Emphasizing that all countries need to embrace UN more and support its transformation in order to cope with problems of the globalized world, and for more wealth and peace, Mr. Gönül told, "We should always keep in mind that UN does not have executive and military power to realize its goals. Due to this lack, regional defence-based institutions such as NATO, Warsaw Treaty Organization, EU, Commonwealth of Independent States, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation were needed to be established. Turkey made his preference about it historically. In addition, Turkish Armed Forces and security forces have the capacity to perform current assignments well, as generally accepted.”
Please CLICK HERE for photos from the conference.Release date: 03.11.2017