What is Industrial Engineering? Why choose?
Industrial engineering or industrial engineering (English: Industrial engineering) is a branch of engineering that deals with the management of the establishment and maintenance of integrated systems of people, materials and machinery. By combining specific knowledge and skills in mathematics, science and social sciences with engineering analysis and design principle methods, industrial engineers who evaluate and predict the results to be obtained from these systems, and exhibit an interdisciplinary approach, use the resources such as time, money, materials and energy efficiently. works to improve the quality of engineering services. Industrial engineering has a different structure and thinking system than other engineering branches. The most important difference is that industrial engineering works by considering the whole, not the part, and the system is concerned with the whole. The second important difference is that it takes human factor into account in all kinds of applications. For these reasons, it is intertwined with the social sciences as well as its relationship with the basic natural sciences.
The emergence and widespread use of the concepts related to industrial engineering goes back to the beginning of the 19th century. Adam Smith, known as the pioneer of the capitalist economy, mentioned the importance and the benefits of division of labor in his book The Wealth of Nations. According to Adam Smith, the fact that each worker concentrates on a particular operation, not many, is of great importance in increasing productivity in production. In 1832 Charles Babbage examined the division of labor, organizational chart and labor relations in his book "On Machine Economics and Manufacturers". Although these studies have touched on some of the concepts that industrial engineering is based on, industrial engineering has come to a certain place and took its original shape thanks to the works of Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915). Although Taylor was the first to use the chronometric time study, he was the creator of concepts such as work and time study. Frank and Lilian Gilbreth have also developed work and time studies and have taken it further. The main advances in industrial engineering, as in many other engineering fields, coincide with World War II and post-World War II. In this period, it became more and more intertwined with the area known as operations research and became complementary. In this way, industrial engineering has been freed from a structure that only deals with manufacturing, and has become an engineering branch that tries to find solutions to all kinds of problems related to the systems we encounter in real life, and expands its range of research. With the development of mathematics, computer technologies (databases), Internet, Management Information Systems and networks, and programming (the emergence and use of new and more efficient algorithms, object-oriented programming) techniques, the solution of more complex systems has become easier and industrial engineering has gained a new dimension.
Besides basic engineering trainings, Operations Research, Production Systems, Production Planning, Stochastic Modeling, Supply Chain Management, Modeling and Optimization Methods, Management and Organization, Quality Management, Simulation, Work and Time Study, Occupational Safety, Human Resources Management, Project Management, Entrepreneurship and Feasibility Study, Management Information Systems are among the main courses of industrial engineering departments in universities.Release date: 29.06.2018