Key to success: intelligence and self-confidence for women, a wide social circle for men
According to a research with 20 thousand people from 28 countries conducted with the cooperation of Women’s Global Leadership Institute, Policy Institute and Ipsos MORI, it is suggested that women need to be intelligent and self-confident while men need to have a wide network of connections for success.
It is seen in the research that intelligence is the leading factor in women’s success with the percentage of 28, followed by self-confidence with the percentage of 26 and never giving up with the percentage of 25. Individuals participating in the research from Turkey also agree with the importance of these first three factors for women’s success. However, ‘being self-confident’ has the highest percentage with 31%.
Unlike women, men’s connections in a wide social circle is the most important factor in their success in life with the percentage of 22 according to the research. While men with a wide social circle are considered to become prominent in life, this is not a significant factor for the women. In accordance with another result of the research, it is also a significant factor that men have political links to stand at the forefront. The most important three factors for the men to become prominent in Turkey are ‘having political links’ with the percentage of 32, ‘working hard’ with the percentage of 29 and ‘having a wide social circle’ with the percentage of 28.
Lecturer Dr. Selçuk Aslan, Head of Psychology at Nişantaşı University, reported that the research is of great importance in terms of presenting gender roles attributed to men and women, and added “This research has been conducted in countries where democracy is developed, individualistic culture dominates, and women occupy a significant place in job market. However, considering the results, it is observed that women and men are not equal in many fields of life even in these developed countries. Advanced technology and life conditions necessitate adaptation to circumstances within the shortest time period, having effective problem-solving skills, and being brave and entrepreneurial by foreseeing opportunities to be successful. Being educated and having distinguishing experience are of great importance in order to be successful under these circumstances. In Turkey, success of women is mostly associated with self-confidence. A reason behind this situation may be the preventive effects of patriarchal culture on women’s self-realization. Women need to be more self-confident and assertive than men in order to manifest themselves, obtain what they want, and become successful because of this disadvantageous situation.”
MEN WITH POLITICAL CONNECTIONS AT THE FOREFRONT IN TURKEY
Lecturer Dr. Selçuk Aslan explained why men with political connections in Turkey are at the forefront in these words, “It is perceived that men already have such traits as intelligence, self-confidence and competence, which are sought for women. Therefore, their relationship with people holding resources and power is considered to be significant to become more successful than others. Close relationships based on personal benefits or favouring each other are required for success in places where democracy is not operated ideally, control mechanism is not effective, politicians controlling state resources take initiatives to bend the rules. It is not likely for the ones who are against this structure to reach high positions, win profitable contracts, or deal with possible inspections. Having political power is a significant factor for success.”
WHAT KIND OF CRITERIA ARE NEEDED?
Lecturer Dr. Selçuk Aslan made some recommendations on what kind of criteria are needed in order to stand out in the job market. He said, “It is substantial that an individual should have the necessary qualification for his/her job, work with love, follow the latest trends in his/her field in addition to other relevant fields closely, have effective communication skills and reflect his / her own self-confidence to other people in order to stand out in work life. In addition, it is considered so valuable for an individual to improve his/her social relations, make research, be assertive, improve his /her problem-solving skills, be open to innovations and change, be broadminded and have a flexible point of view.”Release date: 17.12.2019